Onions are one of the most widely used vegetables, and are one of oldest vegetable we know.
In addition to the regular yellow onion, there are, among others:
- Red onion
Why eat and grow onions.
The onions are very healthy and they contain many beneficial nutrients, vitamins, minerals.The onions also add flavor to the cooking, without significantly increasing the calorie content.
Cooking and use.
Onions are one of the most important basic ingredient in the kitchen. Crisp and crispy in raw form, soft and to the sweet side cooked.
You can use in all kitchen combinations. From soup to compote, such as sprinkles, flavorings and pure strength. Especially the yellow onions provide good sweetness in soups, stews and gravy.
Cultivation of onions
There are two ways to grow onions. You can then sow onions from seeds or you can buy onion sets.
I would recommend that you buy onion sets, it is both faster and easier and you get earlier onions than sowing.
If you want your onions then the best way to grow from seedlings is to put them in boxes in the greenhouse or indoor as early as February and then plant them from the beginning of May.
You grow all onions in the same simple way. They are set at 8-10 cm intervals with 25 cm spacing between the rows. You only use solid and good onions.
You set the onions in early spring as soon as the soil is comfortable and the worst winter is over. You should put them with the top end in the soil surface because they have more difficulty growing if the soil is hard and they stand deep.
Onions can be grown on all kinds of soils, but thrive best in full sun. They are not very demanding in terms of fertilizer. If the soil has been good with compost the year before, you do not need to fertilize. In contrast, onions prefer to grow in a soil with a high pH, so adding a little lime or pure ash can be beneficial.
Onions do not tolerate competition from weeds, so you must keep the onion bed completely free of weeds until July.
Since onions only have a root depth of 20-30 cm, it is important that the soil does not dry out and that the nutrients are available in the upper 20 cm. They must have water during the growing season, so the soil must never be dry. If it starts with a drought period in May and June, it may be necessary to water the onions.
Seed change: There must be at least 4 years between growing onions in the same area.
Harvest and drying
You harvest the onions up when the onion shaft begins to soften. Picking up and drying at this point produces more durable onions. You make them dry by hanging in a dry and airy place with the top on, possibly.
When dry, the top may are removed and they can hang nicely in the outhouse and carport, even in freezing weather.